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Aarya Eye Care

GLAUCOMA DEFINITION AND TREATMENT

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that can damage the optic nerve and cause visual disturbance and blindness. It is usually caused by high eye pressure. Also known as the silent thief of vision, glaucoma is often asymptomatic and can go undiagnosed in early stages.

  • Seeing halos around bulbs
  • Slow, often unnoticed vision loss
  • Eye pain, head ache, redness of eyes
  • Frequent change of spectacle power
  • Contracted field of vision
  • Age above 60 years
  • Patient having high powered glasses
  • Patients with diabetes, hypertension, migraine
  • Patients using steroids eye drop or oral steroids for a long time
  • Patients with history of eye injury or eye surgeries
  • Family history of glaucoma –if you have a relative with glaucoma, you should be screened for glaucoma after 40 years of age

Visual field analysis is an integral part of glaucoma evaluation

How to prevent glaucoma?

If you are at risk for glaucoma, American Academy Of Ophthalmology recommends comprehensive eye check up according to this schedule.

  • Less than 40 of age –every 2 to 5 years
  • 40—54 years - every 1-3 years
  • 55-64 years - every 1-2 years
  • > 65 years - every 1-2 years
  • Detailed history regarding symptoms and risk factors is taken
  • Intraocular (eye )pressure is checked using tonometry
  • Gonioscopy to check drainage angle of eye
  • Optic nerve examination for any variation in size as compared to normal
  • Visual field examination
  • Corneal thickness measurement
  • OCT- to measure thickness of retinal nerve fibre layer which is useful for early detection as well as monitoring glaucoma

How is glaucoma treated?

Your doctor will prescribe the best suited medication to control eye pressure. Since glaucoma is a lifelong condition, you may need to use eye drops daily for life.

This will reduce your eye pressure by reliving any blockage of fluid drainage in your eyes. LASER can supplement the use of eye drops, but it cannot completely replace them.

Although more invasive, surgery can lead to better and quicker eye pressure control. Depending on the type and severity of glaucoma, your eye doctor will choose the best surgical option.

The aim of glaucoma treatment is to preserve whatever vision you have by controlling eye pressure .It is important to understand that all these modalities of treatment are helpful to slow down or prevent further vision loss. They cannot restore already lost vision or cure glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition where follow up is as important as treatment.

Why Aarya eye care for glaucoma?

At Aarya eye care, with our state-of-the-art technology, well trained and experienced ophthalmologists are fully equipped to detect early glaucoma in its early stage and provide comprehensive management.

In addition to high quality imaging, our state-of-the-art Revo FC OCT machine provides the option of non contact gonioscopy which offers utmost comfort to the patient. Even minute changes in your optic nerve, which is a clue to progression of the disease can be picked up early.

Our comprehensive Glaucoma check up includes

  • Vision
  • Refraction
  • Eye pressure check up
  • HFA Humphrey Analyser (24-2 Sita fast)
  • OCT Anterior(CCT)
  • OCT GONIO
  • GCL/RNFL/ONH
  • Doctor consultation
Optic Nerve Head analysis by OCT
Combined OCT and VF anlysis
Progression analysis for follow up
Analysis of angle of eye
Corneal thickness measurement for accurate eye pressure recording